Full-colour printing, or nishiki-e , developed around , but many shunga prints predate this. It has been argued that they masked the situation of virtual slavery that sex workers lived under. The Passionate Art of Kitagawa Utamaro. For a time, woodblock printing continued to be used, but figures began to appear in prints wearing Western clothing and hairstyles. While rare, there are extant erotic painted handscrolls which predate ukiyo-e. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shunga. Shunga was heavily influenced by illustrations in Chinese medicine manuals beginning in the Muromachi era to
NAKED ? THE FEMALE NUDE IN JAPANESE OIL PAINTING AND POSTERS ( 1890 s-1920 s )
A whole variety of possibilities are shown—men seduce women, women seduce men; men and women cheat on each other; all ages from virginal teenagers to old married couples; even octopuses were occasionally featured.
The Passionate Art of Kitagawa Utamaro. This led to the appearance of shunga by renowned artists, such as the ukiyo-e painter perhaps best known in the Western world, Hokusai see The Dream of the Fisherman's Wife. Ukiyo-e artists owed a stable livelihood to such customs, and producing a piece of shunga for a high-ranking client could bring them sufficient funds to live on for about six months.